Allophonic Variation in the Polish Vowel /ɨ/:
Results of a 3D ultrasound study and their phonological implications
Keywords:Polish vowels, palatalization, ultrasound research
This article presents new data on allophonic variation of the Polish vowel commonly transcribed as /ɨ/ and frequently analyzed as phonologically back (e.g., Rubach 1984; Gussmann 2007). The new data were collected using 3D ultrasound images from ten native speakers of Polish. While vowels in the context of labial and dental stops do not differ significantly, being articulated with a high front position of the tongue in both environments, the /ɨ/ assimilates to preceding velar stop consonants and is produced with relatively more raising of the tongue body and with a constriction extending further back. This is to be expected if /ɨ/ is taken to be a front vowel that assimilates to a [+back] consonant. This finding has potential consequences for the analysis of palatalization in Polish.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Małgorzata Ćavar, Steven M. Lulich
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.